Bitcoin is a form of decentralised digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. It was defined by its creator Satoshi Nakamoto, an unknown individual or a group, as a “peer-to-peer electronic cash system”.
Ripple is a protocol for B2B transactions. It is a real-time settlement system designed to be used by banks for currency exchange, remittance and gross settlement. The system has been designed to replace the SWIFT payment system.
Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference.
EOS is an Ethereum like blockchain technology where it provides a platform for developers to run their decentralised applications on (i.e. where anyone can publish their apps and connect directly to user without the need of any centralised figure to manage a user’s information).
Bitcoin Cash is a cryptocurrency that forked from Bitcoin on August 1, 2017 and the two different cryptocurrencies now exist with separate blockchains after the split. Everyone who had the ownership of their private keys or had their coins on the exchange before this date should have Bitcoin Cash in 1:1 ratio.
Stellar is a platform that connects banks, payment systems and people to allow for fast and reliable money transfer at low costs. The project was a result of a fork in 2014 from Ripple. Since then, Stellar has created its own network with a new code base and a new algorithm.
USD Tether, or USDT, was invented as a stable crypto-currency. The idea is to bridge the gap between fiat and crypto by inventing a new crypto currency, USDT, which is pegged against the USD at a 1:1 ratio. The issuer of Tether claim that every new USDT issued is backed by an equivalent amount of USD.
Litecoin is a fully decentralized, open-source peer-to-peer digital cryptocurrency often named “digital silver”, envisioned as a counterpart to Bitcoin (“digital gold).
Tron is a blockchain-based, descentralized protocol project that aims to be a content distribution platform for the digital entertainment industry.
BNB is the native token for the Binance Exchange, the largest crypto-currency exchange in the world by trading volume. This currency is used to pay expenses on the trading platform. Additionally, Binance offers users a rebate when charges are paid in BNB rather than Bitcoin.
Cardano is a decentralised smart contract all-in-one platform which aims to have the capability to handle agreements between institutions using smart contracts and allow apps to build on the platform. ADA is a digital currency, which can be used to send or receive funds.
IOTA is a cryptocurrency designed to enable fee-less microtransactions for the Internet of Things (“IOT”). The key focus of IOTA is to enable machine-to-machine transactions, the idea that machines would be interacting directly with one and other without human intervention. The absence of transaction fee is one key feature of IOTA.
Monero is a private and untraceable crypto-currency. It uses a special kind of cryptography to ensure anonymity of transactions. Monero is a fork from Bytecoin.
Dash is an open source peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and digital cash you can make instant and private payments with. Based on Satoshi Nakamoto’s work on the Bitcoin, Evan Duffield, the founder and lead developer of Dash, created the privacy-centric and highly anonymous cryptocurrency, which can be used for point-of-sale (“POS”) transactions due to the digital currency’s InstantSend feature (versus the time required to wait for the Bitcoin network to confirm transactions).
NEM is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and blockchain platform launched on March 31, 2015. The platform allows users to use NEM as a means of financial payments (like bitcoin) and also the building of smart contracts.
NEO is a non-profit community-based blockchain project that utilizes blockchain technology to build a smart economy by integrating digital assets, digital identity and smart contracts.
Maker is a smart contract platform ran on the Ethereum blockchain. The purpose of Maker is to create a stable coin called DAI which is soft pegged to USD at a 1:1 ratio through smart contracts.
Ethereum classic is called “classic” because it was the original Ethereum project. The current Ethereum coin is in fact a hard fork of Ethereum Classic following the DAO attack.
Ontology is a blockchain/distributed ledger network which aims to create a trust ecosystem by partnering to provide distributed services that include data verification, data exchange, and lots more across different industries.
Zcash is an open-source, decentralized cryptocurrency offering a high level of privacy along with selective transparency of transactions.
Nano (formerly RaiBlocks) is a trustless and low-latency protocol that utilises a block-lattice architecture. It has key advantages for peer-to-peer transactions such as zero fees, instantaneous transactions and scalability
0x is an open, permissionless protocol allowing for ERC20 tokens to be traded on the Ethereum blockchain” and will be used for powering decentralized exchange.
Zilliqa is a scalability-focused cryptocurrency. It positions itself as the next generation high-throughput Blockchain Platform. It is the first public blockchain designed to implement sharding, allowing for linear scaling as the blockchain grows in size.
Waves is a blockchain platform that focuses on making it easy for anyone to issue their own custom token.
Dogecoin is a decentralized, peer-to-peer digital currency that enables you to easily send money online. It was originally invented as a crypto joke.
Bitcoin Gold is a hard fork of the Bitcoin Blockchain which took place on 24 October 2017. The main purpose of BTG is to restore the decentralized nature of Bitcoin as Bitcoin mining has been transferred to a very small number of entities due to the need for high-end, expensive hardware and cannot be mined with consumer-grade computer hardware.
Qtum is a Singaporean based, open-source project that combines Bitcoin’s Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) model with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). Qtum is a hybrid of the two, a value transfer protocol which can also support dapps and smart contracts.
Basic Attention Token(BAT)
Basic Attention Token (BAT) is a cryptocurrency that aims to change the existing interest-sharing mechanism of the digital advertising. In short, BAT tries to cut out middlemen in the advertising process. Token is rewarded by advertisers directly to anonymized ad viewers and to publications providing quality content. Ad viewers can also reward publications through subscriptions or one-time tips.
Omisego (OMG) is an ERC-20 token built on the Ethereum network which aims to enable transparent, peer-to-peer transactions in real time. OmiseGo are building a blockchain which hooks into other blockchains to allow for trading across token/asset classes, largely backed by Ether. The OMG Blockchain manages matching and managing order execution on the Ethereum chain. Activity on the OMG ensures the validator activity also may be enforced on the Ethereum chain via native Ethereum smart contracts.
Bitcoin Diamond is another hard fork of Bitcoin that aims to solve the privacy issue and lower cost of participation. It is however not a direct hardfork as its total circulation is 210 million compared to 21 million of Bitcoin.
Decred (DCR) is a cryptocurrency which has been designed largely based on Bitcoin. In fact, many people think that Decred represented everything Bitcoin was supposed to be from the outset – a truly decentralized cryptocurrency that runs autonomously.
Lisk is a modular Blockchain Application Platform that facilitates the building of DApp. Unlike other blockchains, it uses sidechains, which offload the computational power used by applications and high volume transactions from the main blockchain. Developers can develop, test, and deploy Lisk blockchain applications using Microsoft’s Azure cloud computing platform and infrastructure in the sidechain without affecting the mainchain.
Stratis allows corporations and businesses to develop their own custom blockchain applications easy.
Pundi X is a new crypto currency that focuses on consumer adoptions. Its focus is on making it easy for user to purchase goods and services using crypto through its software and hardware. In their own words: “Pundi X aims to bring in the next billion crypto users as it allows users to buy cryptocurrency anywhere and anytime.” The Pundi X company plans to distribute hundreds of point-of-sale smart devices to retailers. The retailers will then be able to accept payment in form of the Pundi X tokens. This whole system affords the retailers lower transaction fees.
Status is an open source messaging platform and mobile interface to interact with decentralized applications that run on the Ethereum Network. Its mobile Ethereum client is built entirely on peer-to-peer technologies.
Verge is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency that aims to keep transactions anonymous and untraceable using technology including Tor and I2P while allowing for high throughput and fast confirmation times. Verge uses multiple anonymity-centric networks such as TOR and I2P. The IP addresses of the users are fully obfuscated and transactions are untraceable.
Aeternity is a new blockchain project launched in 2017 which focuses on addressing issues including scalability, privacy and transaction speeds of smart contracts.
KuCoin Shares (KCS) are the native currency of the KuCoin exchange platform (Similar to the case of Binance). Holders of KCS will get dividend based on the amount of KCS they hold.
DigiByte is a blockchain that was invented back in 2014. Similar to Bitcoin, it is a UTXO blockchain network. However, DigiByte aims to be faster, more secured and more decentralized compared to Bitcoin. It also promises a lower transaction fee.
IOS stands for Internet of Services. IOSToken is designed to offer infrastructure for online service providers. It could be understood as a blockchain version of Alibaba.
Bitshares is a platform that serves as an investment platform for different digital assets. Bitshares users can trade and invest in digital assets on the decentralized exchange of bitshares.
Komodo is a fork from Zcash and is a cryptocurrency project that focuses on providing anonymity through Zero-knowledge proofs and security through a Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW) protocol.
ICON provides a solution to allow enterprise chains to transfer information with an aim to connect the world through blockchain technology where there is no centralized authority, reduction in transaction fees and real time stock trading from around the world.
Augur is a decentralized prediction market platform that utilizes the Ethereum network. In a prediction market, you can bet on the outcome of future events to get monetary prizes.
Waltonchain is a blockchain project named after Charlie Walton, the inventor of RFD technology, which focuses on applying blockchain in the field of Internet of things (IoT).
Sia is a decentralized cloud storage network. Currently cloud storage services are mostly centralized with data is stored on a centralised third party server.
VeChain is the world’s leading blockchain platform for products and information. VeChain strives to buid a trust-free and distributed business ecosystem based on the blockchain technology to enable transparent information flow, efficient collaboration and high-speed value transfer.
Populous is a global P2P (peer-to-peer) invoice discounting platform built on Blockchain technology. The platform use smart contract to directly pair invoice sellers and lenders to transact and without third parties.
Golem is basically decentralized computing power marketplace. It is a dencentralised super computer that leverages on the computing power of all the machines on the Golem network.
MaidSafeCoin (MSC) is the native token of the SAFE network, a network of spare hard disk space and processing power. The SAFE network is a new data and communications network that can provide the infrastructure for every type of web service that exists on today’s centralized Internet but in a decentralized manner.
Nebulas is an incentive-based, self-evolving blockchain system with a decentralized platform which provides a search framework for all blockchains. The Founder of the platform is also the original founder of NEO. Nebulas seeks to do three things: 1) Defining rank value for the ranking of Dapps; 2) Building positive feedback for community ecosystem (for Dapps development) & 3) Achieving self-evolution of its blockchain system.
Mithril is a social media platform that rewards its users for creating content. User of the Mithril ecosystem can earn token through interacting with other users which is known as “social mining”. The utility token (Mithril) runs on a social media platform known as Lit.
DigixDao is the digitalisation of gold. It is a new cryptocurrency backed by actual bars of gold. DigixDAO is the Digix Decentralized Autonomous Organization, a decentralized group of participants making decisions about how to grow the Digix Global Ecosystem. The blockchain system has two coins – DGD and DGX.
Hshare is an ICO token which could be converted to Hcash at a 1:1 ratio when launches. It is a cryptocurrency designed to facilitate cross-chain value transfer between blockchains and blockless systems such as DAG type of network (See IOTA/Nano for example).
GXChain is a permissionless blockchain, which dramatically supports all kinds of app development. Comparing to other public chains, GXChain supports not only smart contract, blockchain as a service (BaaS) but also provides many unique services, including ID verification, multi-dimensional data, KYC, and swift login. GXChain currently offers 100,000 TPS, which can accommodate most business applications. GXChain also supports new assets issuance.
Steem is the cryptocurrency developed by blockchain-based social media content platform, Steemit, which rewards its users with Steem for producing content and using the voting system of the platform.
Rchain is a blockchain project promised to deliver scalability and fast transactions. The plan is to achieve 40k-100k transactions per second.
Mixin is a mobile app which will allows people to transfer cryptocurrencies and tokens between each other privately via an encrypted blockchain.
Bytom Blockchain Protocol, or Bytom, aims to build a decentralized and open platform where various byte/digital assets (indigenous digital currency, digital assets) and atomic/physical/real-world assets (warrants, securities, dividends, bonds, intelligence information, forecasting information and other information in the physical world) could be registered and exchanged. The goal is to support multiple currencies and assets on the same blockchain.
Bitcoin Private is a “fork-combined” of Bitcoin and Zclassic. The fork aimed to solve the privacy issue of Bitcoin by taking features from Zclassic. Bitcoin Private was issued using a 1:1 airdrop (1 BTCP per ZCL and BTC).
Tezos is a decentralised blockchain platform that supports smart contracts. It is similar to platforms like Ethereum and EOS etc. The platform was built with the intention to address one important weaknesses of Bitcoin and Ethereum – forking due to disagreements on update. Tezos incorporates a process for upgrading the protocol over time through on-chain governance.
Bytecoin is a private, decentralized cryptocurrency with open source code that allows everyone to take part in the Bytecoin network development. It is a cryptocurrency that focuses on privacy of transacitons.
Wanchain allows transactions of digital assets across different blockchains by implementing cross-chain transfers protocol.
AION is a third-generation blockchain network (defined as blockchain that facilitates cross networks communications) that will enable any private or public sector organization to: Federate: Send data and value between any Aion-compliant blockchain and Ethereum. Scale: Provide fast transaction processing and increased data capacity to all Aion blockchains Spoke: Allow the creation of customized public or private blockchains that maintain interoperability with, other blockchains, but allow publishers to choose governance, consensus mechanisms, issuance, and participation.